The global power of the early period from art to politics The Roman State: Ancient Roman art, architecture, activities of the Roman Empire is the main subject of the article.

Ancient Roman Art, Architecture

Roman art includes visual arts, architecture, painting, sculpture, and mosaic work, as well as metalwork, jewelery engraving, ivory carvings, and luxury objects made in the lands of Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. However, for the Romans, sculpture was considered the highest form of art.

Features of Roman Art

Roman art took its realistic form of expression from the Etruscan art style, and the ideal form of beauty expression from the Hellenistic art style. Roman art can be considered an upper synthesis of these two cultures. The use of arches and vaults in architecture has become widespread. Realistic representations are included in the sculpture. Roman painting, on the other hand, has the characteristics of detail, color and precision.

Ancient Roman Art

The Romans benefited from the cultural heritage of the Etruscans, whose art was highly developed, and were influenced by the Greek aesthetic standards they admired. When the Romans conquered Greece, they admired their art and began to imitate the Greeks.

Ceramics were not considered a luxury item for the Romans. The ceramics decorated with reliefs as the final post-production process in Terra Sigillata were highly sought after by the majority of the society due to their affordable price. Roman coins were an important means of communication, and many have survived to the present day. Although artists of this period traditionally copied Greek examples, recent studies have shown that Roman art was also highly creative. The Romans formed a strong school of art with motifs based on Heavy Greek models, but also encompassing Etruscan, native Italic, and even Egyptian visual culture. Stylistic eclecticism and practical application are among the hallmarks of many Roman arts.

Pliny, the most important art historian of this period, noted that nearly all forms of art were sculpture, landscape, portrait painting, and that Greek art was in some cases more advanced than Modern Rome.

Ancient Roman Sculpture

Its foremost sculptors were in Skopje, Praxiteles, Phidias, and Lysippos. Sculpture The development of Greek style Sculpture was achieved with the arrival of sculptors from various cities of Greece to Rome and the rapid learning of the art of sculpture. Roman sculptors did not compromise on the quality of Greek sculpture while processing the Greek art they copied. For example, the statue of Venus is actually Aphrodite.

Many of the art forms and methods used by the Romans, high and low relief, free standing sculpture, bronze casting, mosaics, coins, Roman bath, fine jewelery and metalwork, tomb sculpture, perspective drawing, caricature, portrait painting, architectural sculpture, all developed by Ancient Greek artists or refined. The only exception to this situation is the Roman bust, which does not include the shoulders.
Traditional head and shoulder bust, preparation of an Etruscan animal sacrifice, marble, architectural relief fragment, first quarter of the 2nd century AD; It could be Roman, Italy, or an early Roman form. In part because Roman cities were much larger in power and population than Greek city-states, and were generally less provincial, art in Ancient Rome took on a broader and sometimes more utilitarian purpose. Roman culture absorbed many cultures.

Ancient Roman Sculpture, Ancient Roman Art, Architecture Many works specific to Roman art can be seen in the Istanbul Archeology Museum.

Roman art was commissioned, exhibited, owned, and adapted for more uses than in Greek times in far greater quantities. Wealthy Romans were more materialistic; they adorned their walls with art, their homes with decorative objects, and themselves with fine jewellery. Between 350 and 500 AD, the Christian period of the Late Empire, wall painting, mosaic ceiling and floor work, and tomb sculpture flourished, while round and panel painting glass-painted sculptures ceased to be made, most likely for religious reasons. Roman Forum is best examples for Roman architecure

As the western Rome lost its prestige and power, many sculptors, painters and artists moved to Constantine, the capital of eastern Rome. The best-known work of these artisans and craftsmen was the mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Church in Constantine and the San Vitale Basilica in Ravenne, by the order of Emperor Constantine.

Ancient Roman Empire Architecture

Architecture was the greatest of the Romans’ artistic expressions. The most prominent feature in it is the use of springs. Roman statues are essentially copies of original Greek statues. Realism in them is a striking feature. Divided into four styles, Roman painting is sometimes characterized by the color of the walls, and sometimes by the illusion or richness of detail. The Colosseum, a Roman amphitheater, hosted more than 40,000 people to watch the performances. The construction of portals, aqueducts, buildings, monuments and temples is prominent in Roman architecture. It was built with practicality and innovation, as in the use of arches and vaults in buildings. Almost every artistic technique and method used by Renaissance artists 1900 years later was inspired by Ancient Greek artists. Where Greek artists were held in high esteem in their society, most Roman artists were anonymous and considered artisans. As in ancient Greece, there are no records and almost signed works of the great masters of Roman art. Where the Greeks worshiped the aesthetic qualities of great art and wrote extensively on artistic theory, Roman art was more decorative and indicative of status and wealth.

Ancient Roman Empire Architecture

Nothing much remains of the Roman painting works and artifacts, except those made just before the collapse of the Empire. The best-known and most important works are those that adorned the walls of wealthy families in Pompeii, Herculaneum and nearby. After the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, these paintings, which were left under the ash and tuff pile, have been preserved until today. In addition, there is a large painting from the Roman Catacombs, which has been used about 400, starting from the 3rd century AD. In this work, a more modest life was depicted than the social life described in Pompeii. Apart from these, there are not many examples left other than the ones from the walls of the imperial palace of Nero, the Domus Aurea cave paintings, and the cayum nova portraits found in Egyptian Rome.

A painting in the city of Pompeii Nothing has survived from the Greek paintings imported to Rome in the 4th and 5th centuries, or the paintings on wood made in Italy at that time. In summary, decorative painting works are limited to only 200 years in the nearly 900-year history of Rome. Although most of the wall paintings were made using the secco “drying” method during the Roman Period, there are also some fresco paintings using mosaics. Ancient Roman Art, Architecture, Roman Empire Art and Architectural Activities.