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As Vincent van Gogh (Holland, 1853-1890), one of the first things many people might come up with is to cut their own ear. This sharp action in 1888 was the beginning of the depression that would shake him to the end of his life. Van Gogh must be seen as a tortured, misunderstood artist. Van
Gogh has found his place in the world and has produced emotional,
visual images that have become legendary today for a career that lasts
only ten years.
Large-scale self-taught van Gogh produced more than 2,000 oil paintings, watercolors, drawings and sketches. He also wrote letters, especially to his brother Theo, where he examined his thoughts on art. "Always walk too much and continue to love nature, because this is the real way of learning to understand art better and better," wrote in 1874. "Painters understand nature, love it and teach us to see it."
Towards the end of the nineteenth century the landscapes remained a popular topic. Based on their partial dissatisfaction with the modern city, many artists looked at nature from the first hand and looked for places similar to earth's paradises where they could nourish their psychological and spiritual resonances. Van Gogh spent time with the villagers, especially those working in rural areas. His paintings included portraits of Dutch villagers and rural landscapes of dark, pessimistic tones.
1886, Van Gogh moved to Paris, where he worked with Impressionists and
Neo-Impressionists and with Georges Seurat's Pointillist work. Inspired
by shorter brush strokes and liberal use of dyes, illuminated his
palette and relaxed brushwork by emphasizing the physical application of
the dyed on the canvas. The style he developed in Paris and carried to the end of his life was known as Post-Impressionism. This
term was a period that included works where the artists were joined by
the theme of expressing emotional and psychological reactions to the
world in bold colors and expressions. In
a letter to his brother Theo, referring to the minds and mood of the
artists, van Gogh once wrote that he was very sensitive to "the colors
and the special language, the effects of the complementaries, the
contrasts, the harmony".
By 1888, Van Gogh had returned to the French countryside to his death. There, he once again draws closer to the villagers who inspired him, portraying the landscapes, portraits (portraits of himself and others), interiors and still life full of personal symbolism.
Van Gogh is a leading representative of the Post Impressionism movement. Most of the works are oil paintings. His paintings began to gain popularity in the early 20th century after the material was used by fovists and German exponents.
Three most well known works:
'' Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers '' (Moon flowers) '' The Bedroom at Arles '' (bedroom in Arles) and '' Staryy night '' (starred night). Some of the other famous Van Gogh works include: Irises, Cafe terasta night, Potato eaters, Yellow house, Wheat field and busts, The night cafe, Blooming almond tree, Van Gogh's own portrait, '' The red vineyard ' (at the gate of the eternity), Vase with red poppies, Houses at Auvers, Tree roots, Green Wheat Field with Cypress, Girl in white, Farms near Auvers oil paintings.