Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or better known as his first name Michelangelo. March 6, 1475 - February 18, 1564 lived in an Italian. He was a sculptor, painter, architect and poet. Michelangelo was born in the capital of the Renaissance, the Republic of Florence. He has been described as one of the greatest artists of all time.
Michelangelo Works, Paintings, Sculptures, Studies
A series of paintings, sculptures and architectural works by Michelangelo are among the most famous artistic works. His two best-known works, Pietà and David, were made before the age of thirty. Despite a low view of the painting, he also created two of the most influential frescoes in the history of Western art: scenes from Genesis on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome and The Last Judgment on the altar wall. He pioneered Mannerist architecture in the design of the Laurentian Library.
Michelangelo was the first Western artist whose biography was published in his lifetime. In fact, two of his biographies were published during his lifetime. One of them, Giorgio Vasari, suggested that Michelangelo's work is more than that of any artist, living or dead, and is "sublime in all three, not in one art."
Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; The work took about four years to complete 1508–12. In 1505, Michelangelo was the newly elected Pope II. He was invited to Rome by Julius. He was commissioned to build the Pope's tomb. This would include forty statues and would be finished in five years. Under the auspices of the Pope, Michelangelo held numerous other posts. He is famous for the figure of Moses, completed in 1516. Two of the other statues envisioned for the shrine, known as the Rebel Slave and the Deadly Slave, are now in the Louvre Museum.
Around the same time, Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. By Condivi's account, Bramante, who worked on the building of St. Peter's Basilica, admired Michelangelo's commission for the pope's burial. He convinced the Pope for the new job. Michelangelo was originally commissioned to paint the Twelve Apostles on the triangular stalactites that support the ceiling and to adorn the central portion of the ceiling. Michelangelo persuaded Pope Julius to set him free and proposed a different and more complex plan representing Creation, the Fall of Man, the Word of Salvation and the prophets and the genealogy of Jesus. This work is part of a larger decoration scheme within the chapel that represents much of the Catholic Church doctrine.
The composition includes over 300 figures in more than 500 square meters.  At its center the nine chapters of the Book of Genesis are divided into three groups: the creation of the earth; God's creation of humanity and its fall from God's grace; and finally, the human condition as represented by Noah and his family. On the registers supporting the ceiling are painted twelve men and women who prophesied the coming of Jesus, the seven prophets of Israel, and the five Sibyls, the prophetic women of the classical world. Among the most famous paintings on the ceiling are the Garden of Eden of Adam, Adam and Eve, the Refuge, the Prophet Jeremiah and the Creation of Friday-Sibil.