Istanbul Popular Historical Places, The Most Beautiful Popular Touristic Palaces, Mosque To Visit

Istanbul historical places, architectural works, touristic places to visit are very popular for local and foreign tourists. Istanbul, which has been a bridge between Europe and Asia for centuries, has been one of the largest metropolises in the world. In this city, which has a glorious past, we come across a piece of history and art every step of the way.

Topkapi Palace

The residence of the Ottoman Sultans is the administrative and educational center of the state. Istanbul conqueror Sultan II. The Ottoman sultans and the people of the Palace lived in the palace, which was built by Mehmed between 1460-1478 and some additions were made over time, until the middle of the 19th century. After the Ottoman monarchy was abolished in 1922, Topkapı Palace was turned into a museum on April 3, 1924, by the order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

II. Inspired by the Edirne Palace built by Murad on the edge of the Tunca River, the master of the period, Mimar Sinan, also contributed to the construction of a part of the palace, which consists of apartments devoted to state affairs among various courtyards and gardens, the buildings and mansions that were the residence of the ruler, and the buildings reserved for the officials living in the palace.
Collections in the Museum: Imperial Treasure, European Porcelains and Glasses, Copper and Tombak Kitchenware, Chinese and Japanese Porcelains, Silvers, Cardigan-i Felicity and Sacred Relics, Istanbul Glass and Porcelain, Sultan Dresses, Sultan portraits and painting collection, Weapons Valuable collections exhibited in the museum are exhibited here.

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul Popular Historical Places, The Most Beautiful Popular Touristic Palaces, Mosque To Visit

Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya), Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Hagia Sophia basilica, cathedral and museum. It is a basilica planned patriarchal cathedral built in the old city center on the historical peninsula of Istanbul by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I between the years 532-537. After the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottomans in 1453, it was converted into a mosque in front of Fatih Sultan Mehmed. It was converted into a museum with the Decree of the Council of Ministers published in 1934, excavation and renovation works were started and it served as a museum between 1935-2020. In 2020, with the cancellation of the museum status, it gained the status of a mosque again.
After the church was converted into a mosque in 1453, the mosaics containing human figures were covered with plaster and remained under plaster for centuries. While the mosque was being converted into a museum, some of the plasters were removed and the mosaics were brought to light again. The Hagia Sophia building seen today is also known as the “Third Hagia Sophia” since it is actually the third church built on the same place.

Hagia Sophie, Ayasofya
Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Hagia Sophia Architecture

It is a domed basilica type building that combines the central plan in terms of architecture and is considered an important turning point in the history of architecture with its dome passage and carrier system features. Some of the columns, doors and stones used in the construction of Hagia Sophia were brought from structures and temples older than the building.

Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarnici)

Istanbul’s largest closed cistern. It is entered from a small building in the southwest of the Hagia Sophia building. The ceiling of the place, which has the appearance of a column forest, is brick-built and cross-vaulted. It was built by Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565). Due to the many marble columns rising from the water, it is called the Basilica Palace among the people. Since there was a basilica at the place where the cistern is located, the building is also called the Basilica Cistern. Besides being a museum, the cistern hosts many national and international events.

Yerebatan Sarnıcı, Basilica Cistern, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Maiden’s Tower

The tower, which is the only artifact from the Byzantine period in Üsküdar, dates back to BC. It has a historical past dating back to 24 years. It was established on a small island where the Black Sea meets with Marmara.
This island, which hosted a tomb during the Greek period, was used as a customs station with an annex built during the Byzantine period. In the Ottoman period, many functions were loaded, from the demonstration platform to the defense castle, from the exile station to the quarantine room. It has never lost its primary function of guiding people with its existence for centuries, and the light that winks at passing ships at night.

Maiden’s Tower, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Galata Tower, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

It takes its name from the Galata district where it is located. Built as a watchtower within the Galata Walls, the tower is now used as an exhibition space and a museum. It is one of the symbolic structures of both Beyoğlu and Istanbul.
It was built by the Genoese between 1335-1349. After the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire, the tower was included in the Ottoman lands. The tower, which was damaged in the earthquake in 1509, was repaired as of 1510. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the holding place for the prisoners of war and the supplies warehouse was used as a fire tower by the Mehterhane Hearth and fire watchers as of the 18th century. In 2013, it was included in the World Heritage Tentative List in Turkey by UNESCO.

Galata Tower, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Khedive Pavilion

It is a structure on the Çubuklu ridges of Beykoz district. The title of Khedive is the title given to the governors of Egypt by the Ottoman Empire. Abbas Hilmi Pasha, one of the governors of Egypt, at a young age, had the Italian Architect Delfo Seminati built a magnificent pavilion in Art Nouveau style and a tower overlooking the Bosphorus on it, in accordance with the architectural fashion of that period, on an area of ​​1000 m² in 1907.

There is a magnificent and monumental marble fountain in the middle of the main entrance. Its ceiling rises up to the roof and is covered with stained glass. There are elegant fountains and pools in various parts of it. In plan, the building draws a circle around the pool through the connections between the halls. This circle is interrupted only by the entrance hall. The historical elevator in this hall is another remarkable detail. On the upper floor, there are private rooms.

Khedive Pavilion, İstanbul

Beylerbeyi Palace, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

It is the palace built by the architect Sarkis Balyan in the Üsküdar district between 1861 and 1865 by Sultan Abdülaziz. The palace, which burned at a time when Sultan Abdülmecid was also in it, was not used for a while, considering it unlucky.

Architecture

The interior of the palace is also decorated with wood carvings, gold embroidery, painting and writing. The plan of the two floors of the palace consists of rooms around a large hall in the middle. On the ground floor, there is a pool whose water is taken from the sea and covered with glass. Upstairs is the Reception Hall. Marble and Yellow Kiosks, which are the other structures of the palace complex, II. They are parts of the old palace built during the reign of Mahmud. The Marble Mansion is named after its facades, as it is covered with large marble slabs. The Yellow Kiosk, on the other hand, is a three-storey masonry building with its basement, located by the pool.

Beylerbeyi Palace, Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Grand Bazaar

The Grand Bazaar consists of two covered bazaars. Although the İç Bedesten, Cevahir Bedesten, is controversial among the authors, it is most likely a Byzantine building. The new Bedesten was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1460 and is known as Sandal Bedesten. The name Sandal Bedesteni was given here because the fabric called Sandal, which is woven one way from cotton and one way from silk, is sold here.
Like a giant sized labyrinth, the Grand Bazaar, with its 66 streets and 4,000 shops on 30,700 square meters, is a unique and must-see center of Istanbul. This site, which resembles a city and is completely covered, has developed and grown over time. Until recently, there were 5 mosques, 1 school, 7 fountains, 10 wells, 1 fountain, 1 fountain, 24 gates, 17 inns.

The two old buildings with thick walls from the 15th century, covered with a series of domes, became a shopping center in the following centuries by covering the developing streets and making additions. In the past, this was a bazaar where certain professions were located on every street and where the manufacture of handicrafts (manufacturing) was under strict control, and commercial ethics and customs were highly respected. All kinds of precious fabrics, jewellery, weapons, antiques were offered for sale with complete confidence by families specialized in their fields for generations. Although the Grand Bazaar, which suffered an earthquake and several major fires at the end of the last century, was restored as before, its past features have changed.

It is built in such a way that the width of all shops is the same. In each street, there were guilds of masters of different products (quilt makers, slippers, etc.). Competition among sellers was strictly prohibited. Even a master could not process products by taking his workbench in front of the shop and showing it to the crowd. It was a center where the price of products could not be higher than the state determined. Istanbul Historical Places, Architectural Works, Touristic Places to Visit, Important, Palaces, Mosques.

Grand Bazaar

Dolmabahce Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace is on the beach of Beşiktaş. It was a natural bay where small ships anchored in ancient times. In the Byzantine period, mansions were built in this region for high administrators. In the Ottoman Empire, it was a region where navy ships were anchored. This part was filled in the 19th century and it got its name from this process: It was named “Stuffed Garden”. In the 19th century, the family life of the Ottoman dynasty moved from Topkapı Palace to Dolmabahçe Palace. Dolmabahçe is the third largest palace in Istanbul.

Dolmabahçe Palace, which was started to be built during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid (1839-1861), was opened in 1856. It has a magnificent view on the Bosphorus shore.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, passed away in Dolmabahçe Palace. For this reason, the palace has a spiritual value for the Turkish Nation.

Dolmabahce Palace Istanbul Popular Historical Places

Sultan Ahmet Mosque, Blue Mosque

Sultan Ahmed Mosque, colloquially the Blue Mosque is located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is a historical imperial mosque from the Ottoman period. It continues to be used for worship today. Many tourists visit this place. It was built between 1609 and 1616 during the reign of Ahmed I. There is Ahmed’s tomb in its complex. There is also a madrasah and an almshouse. Hand-painted blue Iznik tiles decorate the interior walls of the mosque. For this reason, it is also known as the Blue Mosque in foreign languages. The mosque has six minarets and five domes. It is the most magnificent architectural structure belonging to Islamic culture. The Blue Mosque was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 under the name of “Historical Areas of Istanbul”.

Sultan Ahmet Mosque, Blue Mosque, Istanbul

Istanbul Archeology Museums

Istanbul Archaeological Museums contains an important and beautifully presented collection of Greek, Roman and Byzantine artcrafts. The Istanbul Archeology Museum, which is the first regular museum to appear in the history of the Ottoman Empire and in Turkey, has approximately one million artifacts from various cultures brought from the imperial lands.

Istanbul Archaeological Museums

Istanbul Popular Historical Places, The Most Beautiful Popular Touristic Palaces, Mosque To Visit.

Suleymaniye Mosque

The construction of the Süleymaniye Mosque, which consists of fifteen sections, was completed between 1551 and 1557. The structure, which has a magnificent view overlooking the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, managed to survive for 463 years without any damage.

Suleymaniye Mosque