Joan Miró Ferra (1893 -1983), Catalan painter and sculptor. Joan Miró Ferra was born in Barcelona, Spain in 1893. He graduated from La Lonja's Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes (School of Fine and Industrial Arts) in Barcelona and Francesc Galí's Escola d'Art in Barcelona.
He joined the Dada movement with Max Jacob, Pierre Reverdy, and Tristan Tzara. His first exhibition in Paris resonated as a major surrealist movement at Galeri Pierre in 1925. In 1941 he opened his first major retrospective exhibition at The Museum of Modern Arts, New York. Miro started working on ceramics with Josep Lloerns y Artigas, however, he also showed interest in printing. He was awarded the grand prize for graphics at the Venice Biennale in 1954, and his work was included in the first Documentation Fair in Kassel the following year. In 1958 he received the International Guggenheim Award for his work in the Paris UNESCO Building. He started sculpting in 1960. Miro's retrospectives have appeared in Paris, the Musée National d'Art Moderne and the Grand Palais.
Joan Miró's Artistic Style
Joan Miró belongs to the surrealism movement. Influenced by Dadaism, Fauvism, and Cubism, Miro's sculptures and montages were putting himself next to Picasso in the most pictorial aspect of surrealism. The artist was not surrealist in doctrine. He and his figures reminded us of surrealism.
Joan Miro Artworks, Paintings
The following are his best-known works: Carbide Lamp, Landscape of Catalonia, Plowed Earth, Harlequin Carnival, Pastoral Nocturne, Woman with a Newspaper, Throwing Stones at a Bird, Blue Tryptich, Blue Stain, Imaginary Portraits, A Woman's Head, Sitting Woman, Nighttime Snails People Finding by Using Phosphorus Traces, Awakening at Dawn, Death of a Man Doomed, Numbers and Horoscopes Falling in Love with a Woman, The Sorrowful Traveler.