Şeker Ahmet Paşa
Seker Ahmet Pasha
Ottoman painter, soldier and bureaucrat who lived between 1841 and 1907. His real name is Ahmet Ali. He was born in Üsküdar district of Istanbul. He entered the Medical School in 1855. Before completing his medical education, he transferred to the Military Academy. He improved his painting skills with the anatomy and perspective lessons he took at the Military Academy. When his interest in painting emerged, he was sent to France by Sultan Abdulaziz. Here he transferred to the Paris Academy of Fine Arts and took lessons from teachers such as G. Boulanger and J. L. Gerome. In 1871, he returned to Istanbul with other Turkish artists in Paris.
Ahmet Pasha is considered as one of the cornerstones of contemporary Turkish painting. His worldwide stylistic contribution to the landscape theme appears as the product of the artist's sensibility that interprets the relations of space and atmosphere. The lyricism, which cost Ahmet Pasha's understanding of order, is balanced with a unique schema geometry.
To be able to position Şeker Ahmet Pasha correctly before examining his life and story; It is possible to deal with the structure of the art environment in which he grew up.
Figurative painting in the Ottoman Empire reached a certain level in the hands of muralists who were either raised in Enderun or in institutional structures such as lodges and dervish lodges where the theory and practice of religious teachings were carried out. The innovation that came to the agenda with the proclamation of the Tanzimat is a movement from the Ottoman elite to the people. It is for this reason that the painters who grew up, especially in the second half of the 19th century, mostly came out of the soldiers and were called pasha painters. The opening of educational institutions such as the Artillery Land School, the giving of information that can be considered as painting, such as hendese-i terimiyya and resm-i hatii, and the sending of talented young people to foreign countries - especially to France - led to this result.
His paintings were exhibited at the Paris International Fair (1867). His paintings were accepted to the Salon Abdülaziz saw the paintings in the exhibition during his European tour and commissioned Ahmet Ali to choose and buy paintings. In 1896, he became the Foreign Guests Attendant (Protocol Supervisor) dealing with the reception of foreign guests. Şeker Ahmet Pasha, one of the first palace painters, was an aide and Prince Yusuf Izzettin was in the presence of II. Abdulaziz ordered "Call Adjutant Ahmet Efendi", the chamberlain did not understand which Ahmet it was, and Prince Yusuf Izzettin said "our dear Şeker Ahmet". Abdulaziz, who liked this, laughed out loud. Since then, Ahmet Ali was known by this nickname in return for his good-heartedness and meekness.
Ahmet Ali, who graduated from the Academy in 1870, won the Prix de Romeu and was sent to Rome for three months.
Ahmet Pasha, who was appointed to the Medical School with the rank of captain when he returned to Istanbul, also became an aide to the palace. Apart from these duties, he also worked on painting. During these years, Bayazıt Zeyrek was appointed as an art teacher to the Kaptan-ı İbrahim Pasha School and opened Turkey's first painting exhibition with the painters and students of the period on April 27, 1873. Ahmet Pasha, who was influential in the opening of the Sanayii Nefise School, as a result of his achievements! He became a major in 1876, a lieutenant colonel in 1877, a colonel in 1880, a brigadier general in 1885, and a lieutenant general in 1890, and he was given the title of master painter. He opened the second exhibition on July 1, 1875, at the Press Museum building, Darülfünun, in Çemberlitaş. His paintings, works of other Turkish painters, mostly Christian and foreign painters were included in this exhibition. Şeker Ahmet Pasha gained the appreciation of Abdülaziz and was appointed as aide-de-camp to the sultan. During this duty, he moved away from landscape paintings and made still life works in his workshop in his mansion in Mercan, Istanbul.
Seker Ahmet Pasha Style
Şeker Ahmet Pasha is considered as one of the cornerstones of contemporary Turkish painting. His worldwide stylistic contribution to the landscape theme appears as the product of the artist's sensibility that interprets the relations of space and atmosphere. The lyricism, which cost Şeker Ahmet Pasha's understanding of order, is balanced with a unique schema geometry.
Although many political and social events took place in the years Şeker Ahmet Pasha lived, it can be observed that such events were not dealt with in Pasha's works. This shows that he is an artist who turned his gaze to nature as an observer, closed to the society he lived in, and maintained this attitude throughout his life.
During the years he was in Paris, he was influenced by the Barbizon school painters, who advocated outdoor painting in nature. He is famous for his still life works. An important part of his paintings are in Istanbul and Ankara Painting and Sculpture Museums, Sakıp Sabancı Museum and some private collections.
The most striking feature of the painting is Şeker Ahmet Pasha's Pomegranates and Quinces painting, the geometric arrangement of the quince and pomegranates in the basket, and the composition they form with each other. In addition, the realistic stance of the painting is important in the harmony of colors. The richness of color in Şeker Ahmet Pasha's paintings and his concern to convey the reality in nature brought him closer to a style that we can call nature lyricism.
He is the first Turkish painter whose painting was accepted to the Louvre Museum in Paris while he was alive. His paintings have a different perspective understanding. He is mostly known for his still life paintings.
An important part of the paintings of Şeker Ahmet Pasha, who has a special place among the leading figures of the generation of military painters who reflect the western influences on his art in a unique way, are exhibited in Istanbul, Ankara Painting-Sculpture museums, some bank collections and the Sakıp Sabancı Museum. Şeker Ahmet Pasha, one of the most important and first masters of the 19th century who made still life paintings together with Süleyman Seyyid and Hüseyin Zekai Pasha, died of a heart attack on Saturday, May 5, 1907 and was buried in the vicinity of the Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Tomb in Eyüp Sultan.
Seker Ahmet Pasha Paintings, Works
Şeker Ahmet Pasha, who died at the age of 66, went back to; He left many works such as Still Life with Sliced Watermelon and Grapes, Roe Deer Magnolia and Fruits Among the Trees, Trainers, Landscape, Castle on the Hill, Still Life, Landscape, Self Portrait, Deer Landscape and many more.
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