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Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836-1912) was born in the city of Dronrijp in the Netherlands. He studied at the Royal Academy of Antwerp in Belgium. In 1870 he moved to England. He spent the rest of his life there. As a classical painter, the artist became famous for his portrayal of the luxury and collapse of the Roman Empire. It is famous for its magnificent marble interiors or for the crazy figures in the dazzling blue Mediterranean and sky fund.
In 1852 he entered the Royal Academy of Antwerp in Belgium where he studied Dutch and Flemish art under the direction of Gustaf Wappers. Alma-Tadema has won many prestigious awards for four years as a student.
leaving school, towards the end of 1855, painter and professor Louis
(Lodewijk) took historical costume lessons from Jan de Taeye. Although De Taeye was not a distinguished painter, Alma-Tadema respected her. He became a studio assistant working with him for three years. De Taeye introduced books that affect Merovingian issues at the beginning of his career.
Then he returned to Leeuwarden. Here he worked with painter Baron Jan August Hendrik Leys. In his guidance, Alma-Tadema made his first major work: The Education of the Children of Clovis (1861). While this painting was exhibited at the Art Congress in Antwerp that year, it created an excitement among critics and artists. It is said to lay the foundation of fame.
After he settled in England where he would spend the rest of his life, he reached the peak of Alma-Tadema's career. He was one of the most famous and highly paid artists of his time. In 1871 he met most of the great painters of Rafael.
In 1873 he made a journey in Continental Europe. He went to Brussels, Germany and Italy. He visited ancient ruins again in Italy. Most of the time he bought a lot of photos that consist of remnants. It started with a large collection of folios containing archival material that was enough to be used in the documentation used to complete future illustrations. In January 1876 he rented a studio in Rome. The family returned to London in April and visited Paris Salon back in the evening.
Heliogabalus' Gülleri (1888), oil painting on canvas, 132.1 × 213.7 cm, special collection. Because it was painted in the winter months, Tadema went to the French Riviera for four months for the correctness of each crown leaf. This painting, which is a part of the life of the Roman Emperor Elagabalus (Heliogabalus), depicts the emperor's guests strangling their hearts under an array of rose petals. The pictured flowers were sent weekly to the London studio on the Riviera for four months during the artist's 1887-1888 winters.
Unconscious Rakipler, (1893), oil on panel, 45 × 63 cm, Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery are exhibited. Alma-Tadema's female figures have an attitude that seems to be spoiled in a compassionate way, looking for a little bored pleasure. There are very few movements in Alma-Tadema's paintings. The composition is balanced by the blossoming flowers.
In 1872, Alma-Tadema transformed his paintings into an identity system by including an opus number under his signature, and by assigning earlier numbers. In 1851, "My Sister Artje" gave me opus I a CCCCVIII number, which he prepared in the Coliseum two months before his death.
Alma-Tadema's works include: Heaven on Earth (1891), Unconscious Raks (1893), Spring (1894), Coliseum (1896) and Caracalla Baths (1899). An Audience in Agrippa (1876). Although Alma-Tadema's reputation was based on paintings from the Antique Age, he also painted portraits, landscapes and watercolors and made some engravings (albeit made by others of his paintings).