Jacques Louis David
French painter who lived from 1748 to 1825. He was one of the most important painters in art history, known for his neoclassical style designs. In the 1780s, he used his historical paintings with a classic taste of the Rococo style.
French painter Jacques Louis David, born in Paris in 1748, is one of the pioneers of the neoclassicism movement. One of the most striking works of the 18th century, The Death of Marat is also one of Jacques Louis David's most iconic paintings.
When Jacques Louis David was nine years old, his father, a blacksmith, died in a duel, he was raised by his architect and contractor uncles. He became interested in painting at a very young age. While he was a student at the Quatre Nations school, he also visited the academy of Saint Luc. He turned to painting and when his passion for painting outweighed him, his mother's cousin; They sent it to the rococo painter Francois Boucher, who was very popular with the courtiers of the period.
Francois Boucher had deftly figured out what the nobility had wanted from art until then, and had become someone who could give it to them. David, who started his art life with rococo alongside Boucher, later faced an event that would affect his entire life. Just like his father, he was injured in a duel on the lip, which gave him an imprint that he would carry for the rest of his life. It also earned him the nickname "the puffy cheek David" by his enemies.
In 1784 he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. He studied at the Royal Academy until 1788. He won the Rome prize in 1774 and went to Italy with his teacher. In the same year, he made his work called Anthikos ve Stratorikhe (National Fine Arts High School). He was interested in Ancient Roman Art. Jacques Louis David's understanding of art, which started with rococo, was interrupted by the ancient cities he visited and saw, and found himself again in the footsteps of neoclassicism.
Neoclassicism was influenced by theorists. The traces of his admiration for Guido Remi in Bologno, Antonio da Correggio in Parma and Michelangelo Buonarroti in Rome can be seen in his painting "Saint Rocco Helping the Plagues".
He is one of the leading artists who contributed to French art and influenced large masses.
He took painting lessons in Rome and was influenced by the great masters of the Renaissance, Raffaello Santi and Caravaggio. Jacques Louis David was an active supporter of the French Revolution with his friends Maximilien Robespierre and Jean-Paul Marat. The Louvre Museum was originally built as a palace and was a free public display of works of art one day a week. The nobles, the clergy, the soldiers and the common people, and the rabble were coming to see these works.
Jacques Louis David's Politics Thinks
Jacques Louis David became involved in politics. He voted for the academy to be closed and the King killed. He became a member of the convention and the Jacobins club. He was appointed to the General Directorate of Fine Arts. He painted a portrait of Madame Chalgrin, who was executed by guillotine shortly after modeling for him.
After the overthrow of Maximilien Robespierre, one of the Revolutionaries of the French Revolution, David, who was imprisoned for being his friend, was first imprisoned in the Fermes Mansion and then in the Luxembourg Palace. Here he painted his painting The View from the Luxembourg Garden from his window in 1794. During his time in prison, he drew sketches of the Sabines and Homeros reading poetry. After his release, he started making new portraits. Once again captured and imprisoned, David was finally pardoned in August 1795.
During the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte, he was again accepted as the official artist of the state. He had many admirers and became the representative of French art in the 19th century.
Napoleon's coronation" painting and The Death of Socrates are among his important works.
The work, made by Jacques Louis David, depicts the execution scene of the famous Greek philosopher Socrates. Socrates is sentenced to death by the court he was brought to, on the grounds that he believed in other spiritual concepts instead of the gods of the city of Athens, where he lived, and therefore corrupted the youth. In his work, David described the moment just before Socrates drank the hemlock poison given for his death.
Jacques Louis David is a close friend of Jean-Paul Marat and visited him at his home on July 12, 1793, the day before Marat's death. The painter, who was very impressed by the death of his friend, whom he had visited the day before, painted this painting in order to immortalize him. One of the great pains David experienced was undoubtedly the death of his friend, Jean-Paul Marat. David, who was quite shaken when he heard the news of the death of Marat, whom he had visited the day before, wanted to immortalize him and elevated him to the rank of a saint with his painting. Marat was one of the biggest names in the post-revolutionary terror era and was constantly in the bathtub due to a chronic skin condition. Marie Corday, who was not satisfied with the sanctions she took and lost her husband during these actions, first wrote a letter and explained the impact of the sanctions on the public. But when he saw that Marat didn't care about this, he went to his house with a simple excuse like asking for help and stabbed him to death.
Jacques Louis David, who lived in the most politically intense period of France, later went to prison, and when he was released, he became the painter of the king of the period, Napoleon Bonaparte, perhaps contrary to all his political views and actions. He made many paintings and portraits of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Jacques Louis David Famous Paintings
Died at the age of 77, Jacques Louis David is behind; He left many works such as The Oath of the Horas (1784), The Death of Marat (1793), The View from the Luxembourg Garden (1794), The Death of Socrates and many more.
Jacques Louis David Paintings, Oil Paint Reproduction, Canvas Prints, Drawing Paper, High Resolution Image Sales
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