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Diyarbakırlı Tahsin

Diyarbakırlı Tahsin

Painter born in Diyarbakır in 1874. Tahsin Siret, who became famous for his "being from Diyarbakir" both during his education and when he was known for his works, has a qualified place among the few sea painters in our country. Tahsin Bey started his first painting experiments with pencil and watercolor works during his primary education in Diyarbakır and his education at the Military High School. Then he went to Kuleli Military High School to study at military high school; In this way, he had the opportunity to study the beauties of the Bosphorus and the constantly moving ships and freighters. These observations and experiments started to be seen in his works and he was named as Painter Tahsin among his friends in those years. In parallel with the technical developments in the establishment of Western-style painting in the Ottoman society, painting and architectural drawing courses are among the priority courses, as can be clearly seen in the 1795 Law Code of the Mühendislikhane-i Berri Hümayun and the curriculum of the Mekteb-i Harbiye, which was established in 1834. Students with talents were supported by the Palace and sent abroad to continue their education.
Within this historical background, Tahsin Bey's drawing and watercolor works were appreciated and supported by his teacher Osman Nuri Pasha (1835-1906). Tahsin Bey was also influenced by Ayvazovski, who came to Istanbul upon the call of Abdulaziz.

Diyarbakirli Tahsin First Works

Hodja Ali Rıza, who served as Nuri Pasha's assistant and continued to teach at Kuleli Military High School until his retirement in 1911, played an important role in encouraging Tahsin Bey to paint. The system of working from nature and taking notes with sketches in the workshop, seen in the works of Hoca Ali Rıza, is also seen in Tahsin Bey. The sketches he made by going to the tea gardens by the sea, especially after school on Fridays, formed the basis of his paintings.
Tahsin Bey joined the army in 1895 with the rank of Cavalry Lieutenant and served in various troops. After working in the Department of Maps in Istanbul, he continued painting lessons at the Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi, which was opened by Osman Hamdi Bey in 1902, and was promoted to the rank of captain in 1906 and major in 1914. Between 1914-1918, he taught painting at the Erkan-ı Harbiye-i Umumiye Painting Center. In addition to his duty in the Army, he was assigned to Çanakkale by the Palace to depict the Battle of Çanakkale. While the paintings named Çanakkale Naval War, The Sinking of the Magectic Battleship, and the Sinking of Bouvet in Çanakkale are in the Painting and Sculpture Museum Collection of Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, they were given to this museum in 1963 and 1966, as they were deemed appropriate for the Istanbul Naval Museum collection. and is still in the collection of this museum. With these three works, Tahsin Bey depicted the visual memory of the Dardanelles Naval Wars in his paintings.
Tahsin Bey, who fell ill during the First World War, was sent to Hungary for treatment. He married a Hungarian-born woman here and returned home with her. The painting works of his life in Hungary, by chance, passed into the hands of a pharmacist from the house of Tahsin Bey's wife in Budapest, and this situation emerged in 1990. In the paintings that Tahsin Bey made in these years, it is seen that he tends towards imaginary appearances because he is far from the materials he used as an object for himself. In 1918, he participated in the Vienna Exhibition, which was the first painting exhibition of the Ottoman Empire, with 7 works, including the Sinking of the French Cruiser Bouvet in Front of Çanakkale, Barbaros and Turgut Reis, the Japanese Sea War, as well as three studies of the Virgin Mary. Celal Esad Arseven was appointed as the commissioner of this exhibition, and Namık İsmail as his assistant.

Tahsin Bey, who retired with the rank of major in 1919, gave painting lessons once a week at the Jewish School in Beyoğlu, and continued his work in the painting studio of the Seyr-i Sefain Administration in the remaining time. Known to be a very good tanbur artist, Tahsin Bey died in his home in Kadıköy in 1937 and was buried in the Karacaahmet Cemetery.
Most of the ships he painted in the still sea were built during the period when he was working in the workshop of the Seyr-i Sefain Administration. Pictures of the popular and newly built ships of the period were made and documented. Among them, the Battleship Yavuz, as we all know, is the name of the German battleship Goben before the First World War, which was changed after the Ottomans. As a matter of fact, the Republic Ship was captured from the Russians during the War, and it became an important element in the urban transportation of Istanbul residents by sea during and after this period. In the ship compositions he dealt with, Tahsin Bey gave the ships from the nose, from the side or from the axis, in a way that the whole ship appearance would be reflected in the painting.
The paintings of Tahsin Siret, from Diyarbakır, are included in the Maritime Museum, Türkiye İş Bankası, Naim Arvas and some other public and private collections apart from the Turkish Maritime Enterprises Museum, and one of his paintings is on sale at almost every major auction. Tahsin Bey's works that go on sale are generally small-sized oil paintings on duralite. Due to his fame as a sea painter, his works on the "sea" attract even more attention. The number of "Diyarbakırlı Tahsin" paintings, which were put up for sale in auctions from 1989 to 2006, is 49. In 2003, 14 paintings changed hands. This is an indication of how intense the demand for the artist's work is and the high number of his works circulating in the market.

Diyarbakirli Tahsin Style

It is seen that Tahsin Bey, from Diyarbakır, preferred free brush strokes and random strokes of color spots in his paintings made after 1930. Although the subjects he preferred in his paintings of this period were the views of the places he painted in his previous works, it is known that the size has decreased and more mass production has begun.
From the ship drawings in the drawing book of Tahsin Siret Bey from Diyarbakir, it is clearly seen that the views of the important ships that he depicted as models in his paintings, using which aspects. As a matter of fact, he used these patterns in the appearances of these sketches completed with oil paint.
He also influenced many painters such as Tahsin Siret, who was born in Diyarbakir and completed his primary education here, using Diyarbakir as an artist, costing Turkish and World art, and Adil Doğançay with his lessons at the School of Map Engineering. He reflected his different point of view on his works.

Diyarbakirli Tahsin Works

Naval and Warship, Sailing at Sea, Stormy Sea, Passenger Ship in Istanbul Harbor, Turkish Ships in Practice

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